@if and @else

The @if rule is written @if <expression> { ... }, and it controls whether or not its block gets evaluated (including emitting any styles as CSS). The expression usually returns either true or false—if the expression returns true, the block is evaluated, and if the expression returns false it’s not.

SCSS Syntax

@mixin avatar($size, $circle: false) {
  width: $size;
  height: $size;

  @if $circle {
    border-radius: $size / 2;
  }
}

.square-av { @include avatar(100px, $circle: false); }
.circle-av { @include avatar(100px, $circle: true); }

Sass Syntax

@mixin avatar($size, $circle: false)
  width: $size
  height: $size

  @if $circle
    border-radius: $size / 2

.square-av
  @include avatar(100px, $circle: false)
.circle-av
  @include avatar(100px, $circle: true)

CSS Output

.square-av {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
}

.circle-av {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  border-radius: 50px;
}

@else

An @if rule can optionally be followed by an @else rule, written @else { ... }. This rule’s block is evaluated if the @if expression returns false.

SCSS Syntax

$light-background: #f2ece4;
$light-text: #036;
$dark-background: #6b717f;
$dark-text: #d2e1dd;

@mixin theme-colors($light-theme: true) {
  @if $light-theme {
    background-color: $light-background;
    color: $light-text;
  } @else {
    background-color: $dark-background;
    color: $dark-text;
  }
}

.banner {
  @include theme-colors($light-theme: true);
  body.dark & {
    @include theme-colors($light-theme: false);
  }
}

Sass Syntax

$light-background: #f2ece4
$light-text: #036
$dark-background: #6b717f
$dark-text: #d2e1dd

@mixin theme-colors($light-theme: true)
  @if $light-theme
    background-color: $light-background
    color: $light-text
  @else
    background-color: $dark-background
    color: $dark-text



.banner
  @include theme-colors($light-theme: true)
  body.dark &
    @include theme-colors($light-theme: false)


CSS Output

.banner {
  background-color: #f2ece4;
  color: #036;
}
body.dark .banner {
  background-color: #6b717f;
  color: #d2e1dd;
}













@else if

You can also choose whether to evaluate an @else rule’s block by writing it @else if <expression> { ... }. If you do, the block is evaluated only if the preceding @if’s expression returns false and the @else if’s expression returns true.

In fact, you can to chain as many @else ifs as you want after an @if. The first block in the chain whose expression returns true will be evaluated, and no others. If there’s a plain @else at the end of the chain, its block will be evaluated if every other block fails.

SCSS Syntax

@mixin triangle($size, $color, $direction) {
  height: 0;
  width: 0;

  border-color: transparent;
  border-style: solid;
  border-width: $size / 2;

  @if $direction == up {
    border-bottom-color: $color;
  } @else if $direction == right {
    border-left-color: $color;
  } @else if $direction == down {
    border-top-color: $color;
  } @else if $direction == left {
    border-right-color: $color;
  } @else {
    @error "Unknown direction #{$direction}.";
  }
}

.next {
  @include triangle(5px, black, right);
}

Sass Syntax

@mixin triangle($size, $color, $direction)
  height: 0
  width: 0

  border-color: transparent
  border-style: solid
  border-width: $size / 2

  @if $direction == up
    border-bottom-color: $color
  @else if $direction == right
    border-left-color: $color
  @else if $direction == down
    border-top-color: $color
  @else if $direction == left
    border-right-color: $color
  @else
    @error "Unknown direction #{$direction}."



.next
  @include triangle(5px, black, right)

CSS Output

.next {
  height: 0;
  width: 0;
  border-color: transparent;
  border-style: solid;
  border-width: 2.5px;
  border-left-color: black;
}
















Truthiness and Falsiness

Anywhere true or false are allowed, you can use other values as well. The values false and null are falsey, which means Sass considers them to indicate falsehood and cause conditions to fail. Every other value is considered truthy, so Sass considers them to work like true and cause conditions to succeed.

For example, if you want to check if a string contains a space, you can just write string.index($string, " "). The string.index() function returns null if the string isn’t found and a number otherwise.