Migrator

The Sass migrator automatically updates your Sass files to help you move on to the latest and greatest version of the language. Each of its commands migrates a single feature, to give you as much control as possible over what you update and when.

Usage

To use the Sass migrator, tell it which migration you want to run and what Sass files you want to migrate:

sass-migrator <migration> <entrypoint.scss...>

By default, the migrator will only change files that you explicitly pass on the command line. Passing the --migrate-deps option tells the migrator to also change all the stylesheets that are loaded using the @use rule, @forward rule, or @import rule. And if you want to do a test run to see what changes will be made without actually saving them, you can pass --dry-run --verbose (or -nv for short).

$ cat style.scss
$body-bg: #000;
$body-color: #111;

@import "bootstrap";

@include media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  .navbar {
    display: block;
  }
}
$ sass-migrator --migrate-deps module style.scss
$ cat style.scss
@use "bootstrap" with (
  $body-bg: #000,
  $body-color: #111
);

@include bootstrap.media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  .navbar {
    display: block;
  }
}

Installation

You can install the Sass migrator from most of the same places that you can install Dart Sass:

Standalone

You can install the Sass migrator on Windows, Mac, or Linux by downloading the package for your operating system from GitHub and adding it to your PATH.

npm

If you use Node.js, you can also install the Sass migrator using npm by running

npm install -g sass-migrator

Chocolatey

If you use the Chocolatey package manager for Windows, you can install the Sass migrator by running

choco install sass-migrator

Homebrew

If you use the Homebrew package manager for Mac OS X, you can install Dart Sass by running

brew install sass/sass/migrator

Global Options

These options are available for all migrators.

--migrate-deps

This option (abbreviated -d) tells the migrator to change not just the stylesheets that are explicitly passed on the command line, but also any stylesheets that they depend on using the @use rule, @forward rule, or @import rule.

$ sass-migrator module --verbose style.scss
Migrating style.scss
$ sass-migrator module --verbose --migrate-deps style.scss
Migrating style.scss
Migrating _theme.scss
Migrating _fonts.scss
Migrating _grid.scss

--load-path

This option (abbreviated -I) tells the migrator a load path where it should look for stylesheets. It can be passed multiple times to provide multiple load paths. Earlier load paths will take precedence over later ones.

Dependencies loaded from load paths are assumed to be third-party libraries, so the migrator will not migrate them even when the --migrate-deps option is passed.

--dry-run

This flag (abbreviated -n) tells the migrator not to save any changes to disk. It instead prints the list of files that it would have changed. This is commonly paired with the --verbose option to print the contents of the changes that would have been made as well.

$ sass-migrator module --dry-run --migrate-deps style.scss
Dry run. Logging migrated files instead of overwriting...

style.scss
_theme.scss
_fonts.scss
_grid.scss

--no-unicode

This flag tells the Sass migrator only to emit ASCII characters to the terminal as part of error messages. By default, or if --unicode is passed, the migrator will emit non-ASCII characters for these messages. This flag does not affect the CSS output.

$ sass-migrator --no-unicode module style.scss
line 1, column 9 of style.scss: Error: Could not find Sass file at 'typography'.
  ,
1 | @import "typography";
  |         ^^^^^^^^^^^^
  '
Migration failed!
$ sass-migrator --unicode module style.scss
line 1, column 9 of style.scss: Error: Could not find Sass file at 'typography'.
  ╷
1 │ @import "typography";
  │         ^^^^^^^^^^^^
  ╵
Migration failed!

--verbose

This flag (abbreviated -v) tells the migrator to print extra information to the console. By default, it just prints the name of files that are changed, but when combined with the --dry-run option it also prints those files’ new contents.

$ sass-migrator module --verbose --dry-run style.scss
Dry run. Logging migrated files instead of overwriting...
<==> style.scss
@use "bootstrap" with (
  $body-bg: #000,
  $body-color: #111
);

@include bootstrap.media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  .navbar {
    display: block;
  }
}
$ sass-migrator module --verbose style.scss
Migrating style.scss

Migrations

The migrator currently supports only one migration, but expect more to come as the Sass language continues to evolve!

Module

This migration converts stylesheets that use the old @import rule to load dependencies so that they use the Sass module system via the @use rule instead. It doesn’t just naïvely change @imports to @uses—it updates stylesheets intelligently so that they keep working the same way they did before, including:

  • Adding namespaces to uses of members (variables, mixins, and functions) from other modules.

  • Adding new @use rules to stylesheets that were using members without importing them.

  • Converting overridden default variables to with clauses.

  • Automatically removing - and _ prefixes from members that are used from other files (because otherwise they’d be considered private and could only be used in the module they’re declared).

  • Converting nested imports to use the meta.load-css() mixin instead.

 
$ cat style.scss
$body-bg: #000;
$body-color: #111;

@import "bootstrap";

@include media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  .navbar {
    display: block;
  }
}
$ sass-migrator --migrate-deps module style.scss
$ cat style.scss
@use "bootstrap" with (
  $body-bg: #000,
  $body-color: #111
);

@include bootstrap.media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  .navbar {
    display: block;
  }
}

Loading Dependencies

The module migrator needs to be able to read all of the stylesheets depended on by the ones it’s migrating, even if the --migrate-deps option is not passed. If the migrator fails to find a dependency, you’ll get an error.

$ ls .
style.scss  node_modules
$ sass-migrator module style.scss
Error: Could not find Sass file at 'dependency'.
  ,
1 | @import "dependency";
  |         ^^^^^^^^^^^^
  '
  style.scss 1:9  root stylesheet
Migration failed!
$ sass-migrator --load-path node_modules module style.scss

If you use a load path when compiling your stylesheets, make sure to pass that to the migrator using the --load-path option.

Unfortunately, the migrator does not support custom importers, but it does have built-in support for resolving URLs starting with ~ by searching in node_modules, similar to what Webpack supports.

--remove-prefix

This option (abbreviated -p) takes an identifier prefix to remove from the beginning of all variable, mixin, and function names when they’re migrated. Members that don’t start with this prefix will remain unchanged.

The @import rule put all top-level members in one global scope, so when it was the standard way of loading stylesheets, everyone was incentivized to add prefixes to all their member names to avoid accidentally redefining some other stylesheet’s. The module system solves this problem, so it’s useful to automatically strip those old prefixes now that they’re unnecessary.

$ cat style.scss
@import "theme";

@mixin app-inverted {
  color: $app-bg-color;
  background-color: $app-color;
}
$ sass-migrator --migrate-deps module --remove-prefix=app- style.scss
$ cat style.scss
@import "theme";

@mixin inverted {
  color: theme.$bg-color;
  background-color: theme.$color;
}

When you pass this option, the migrator will also generate an import-only stylesheet that forwards all the members with the prefix added back, to preserve backwards-compatibility for users who were importing the library.

--forward

This option tells the migrator which members to forward using the @forward rule. It supports the following settings:

  • none (the default) doesn’t forward any members.

  • all forwards all members except those that started with - or _ in the original stylesheet, since that was commonly used to mark a package-private member before the module system was introduced.

  • prefixed forwards only members that begin with the prefix passed to the --remove-prefix option. This option may only be used in conjunction with the --remove-prefix option.

All files that are passed explicitly on the command line will forward members that are transitively loaded by those files using the @import rule. Files loaded using the --migrate-deps option will not forward any new members. This option is particularly useful when migrating a Sass library, because it ensures that users of that library will still be able to access all the members it defines.

$ cat _index.scss
@import "theme";
@import "typography";
@import "components";
$ sass-migrator --migrate-deps module --forward=all style.scss
$ cat _index.scss
@forward "theme";
@forward "typography";
@forward "components";